Hadith: Main ilm ka shehar hoon..
RasoolULLAH Sallallaho Alaihewasallam ne farmaya: "Mein Ilm ka Shaher Hun aur Ali (raziAllahoanho) Us (shaher) ka darwaza.
(-Majmua uz Zawaid, Kitab ul manaqib, Hadees#14670, -Mozuaat ul Kubra Page: 71, Number: 251 (Mulla Ali qari), -Al Mozooaat (Ibn ul Jozi) Jild:1, Page:350, Kashful khafa, Al-Fawaid-ul-Majmua waghera...)
Aisi riwayat in Alfazo se bhi ati he ke RasoolULLAH Sallallaho Alaihewasallam ne farmaya: "Mein Hikmat ka Ghar hun Aur Ali (raziAllahoanho) Us ka darwaza." (Tirmizi, kitab ul manaqib, Hadees# 3744)
>>Imam Tirmizi ne is riwayat ko Munkar kaha he Is Riwayat ki sanad Mein "Muhammad bin Umar Al Romi" he jo Kazzab he. Imam Abu Daud kehte hain Ye Zaeef hai, Abu Khateem kehte hain k Is ne 'Sharik' se Munkar riwayat bayan kee (Meezan Ul Aitdal, Jild: 6, page:279, Number: 8008, Tehzeeb Ul kamal, Jild: 8, Page: 232, Number: 6230)
Is Riwayat Ki Jitni Asnaad, hadith ki Kitabon me milti hain Sab Zaeef ya Majhool (unknown) hain.
* Kuch Kam ilm hazrat Is Jhooti Mangharat hadith ko Sahih samajhte hue is se kuch ka kuch Aqeedah banalete hain or Musalmano ko Asal Islam se hata kar khud sakhta Mazhab se dhoka dete hain, AlhamdoLILLAH Hamare Muhaddithin e karam RahmatULLAH Alaihim ki mehnat or Allah Rabbul Izzat k fazal se un Kazzabo ki koi jaal sazi nahi chalti or wo Mayoos ho kar he lot te hain.
Is he Mozoo ko samne rakhte hue Ek or Zaeef Hadith Bhi paish ki jati he Jis ko Mazkoora Paish karda riwayat ka mukammal Hissa bata kar Aam musalmano ko mazeed gumrah karne ki koshish ki jati hai us ka zikr aise hai:
RasoolULLAH Sallallaho Alaihewasallam ne farmaya: " Mein Ilm ka Shaher Hun, Abu bakar (RaziAllahoanho) us ki Asas hain, Umer (RaziAllahoanho) uski deewarein hain, Usman (RaziAllahoanho) uski Chhat hain aur Ali (raziAllahoanho) Us (shaher) ka darwaza.
Ye Riwayat Bagher Mukammal Sanad (Trustworthy Source) k In kutub Main mojood hai (-Kashful Khafa, Jild:1 Page: 185, ,Fatawa e Hadisia, Page:355, -Lisaan ul Meezan, Jild: 2, Page: 151,Number: 1206, Musnad al-Firdaus waghera....)
Is Riwayat Ki Wajuhaat e Zauf:
>1-Kashful Khafa me Allama Ajluni Ne Zaeef kaha he or Musnad ul Firdaus k hawale se farmaya ke ye Bagher Sanad ke Marfoo (Yani Jhooti) kahi gai hai.
2-Ibn e Hajr Makki ne Fatawa e hadisia me isay Zaeef kaha he or Musnad ul Firdaus he ke hawale se Besanad qarar dia.
3-Hafiz Ibn e Hajr ne Lisaan ul Meezan me Ek Kazzab Raawi "Ismail bin Ali bin AlMuthana" ka zaikr karte hue kehte hain : "Ke jab ye shakhs Damishq me logo ko Waaz karrha tha, to Aik shakhs ne Is se "Main ilm ka sheher or Ali darwaza" is riwayat ke mutalliq pucha, To is ne Kaha ke Ye hadith Mukammal Nahi Asal Hadith ye hai: "Main ilm ka sheher, Abu bakr uski Bunyad, Umar.........., darwaza hain" Jab us Shakhs ne Kaha ke Apni sanad ko is (Mukammal) Hadith ke silsilay me Bayan karain to Kaha Baad Me Bataunga (Yani Besanad Jhoot kaha).
4-Musnad ul Firdaus besanad riwaayaat ki kitab he Jis me Riwaayaat ki Sanad mojood he nahi hoti
Ye Riwayat sms or internet par 'Sahih Al Bukhari Nuzhat ul majalis' k hawalo se bheji jati hain magar Ye Jhoot hai or Ye riwayat ManGharat hai. Koi Bhi riwayat Qubul karne se pehle uski tehqeeq lazmi kijiye q ke Har achi cheez hamare Deen mein he Magar har Achi cheez Deen nahi hai.
Apart from the psychological approach, there are certain objective conditions and stipulations in regard to the handling and reading of the Holy Book. ''none shall touch (the Holy Qur'an) but those who are clean'' (56 : 79). In pursuance of this Divine injuction, it has been laid down that is a person is in a starte of major ceremonial impurity, called 'Had-i-Akbar' he ust first take a bath in the prescribed manner regarding Ghusl. Before he can touch or read the Holy Qur'an; and that a person who is in a state of minor ceremonial impurity, called ''Had-i-Asghar' must first make ablution, or Wudu before touching or reading the Holy Book. There is no objection to reciting The Qur'an from memory (Without opening or touching the book) without Wudu while in a state of Had-I-Asghar. the clothes of the person whi intends to read the Holy Book should be clean and free from mputiry; and the place where he is to recite should alos be clean. Reading the book while in a state of intoxication is prohibited (4 : 43) : The use of alcohol and other intoxication is, of course, prohibited.
Islam Total Submission to God In its primary sense the word Islam, which is derived from 'Aslama' signifies submission to the will of God Almighty. That such submission should be total and complete is specifically demanded by Allah :- ''O ye who believe ! Enter into Islam whole heatedly...'' (2 : 208). A Muslim is required to submit his whole self to Allah ; And devotion to Allah must be completely pure and sincere. Any one who enters into the fold of Islam, or claims to be a Muslim, has to obey Allah in all matters: Acceptance of some of Hits commands and non-acceptance of others is simply out of the question.
Islam God Given Name
Islam is undoubtedly the last of the revealed religions ; But it was not the Last of God's Prophets, Hazrat Muhammad (May Allah's peace and blessings be on him) who devised this name for the religion preached by him. It is Allah Who has conferred this name on us.
Religion Perfected by GOD
'.....This day have I perfected your religion for you, complete My favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion....''(5 : 4).....''He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you religion; it is the cult of your father, Ibrahim. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation), that the apostle may be a witness for you, and ye be witness for mankind...'' (22 : 78).
No Other Religion Acceptable to God
Not only was the name of the religion conferred by Allah, but it has been declared that :- '' The religion before Allah is Islam (Submission to His will)...'' (3 : 19); and that :- '' If any one desires a religion other than Islam (Submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good)'' (3 : 85).
Islam-God's Light- To Prevail
Islam which is metaphorically alluded to as Allah's Light ( 9:32 ; 61:8 ), is described as the religion of truth-Din-il-Haqq-(9:33 ; 48:28 ; 61:9), which is to prevail over all religion (ibid).
Muslim Best of Peoples, Enjoining Right, forbidding Evil
Muslims have been declared to be a ''Justly balanced'' people (Ummatan wasata- 2: 143); '' The best of people (Khaira Ummatin) evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah...'' (3 : 110). These two verses not only confer a signal honour, but also impose a very onerous duty, on the Muslims.
Religion of Previous Apostles too was Islam
Islam is not a new-fangled concept, or an exotic doctrine. and we are told :- '' The same religion has He(Allah) established for you as that which He enjoined on Nuh-the which we have sent by inspiration to the (Holy Prophet)-and that which We enjoined on Ibrahim(A.S), Musa(A.S) and Isa(A.S), namely that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no division therein....'' (42 ; 13). According to the Holy Qur'an, all the previous apostles Nuh, Ibrahim, Isma'ill, Is-haq, Ya'qub, Lut, Yusuf, Musa and Isa were Muslims. The Holy Prophet was commanded to be the first of the Muslims (6:163 ; 27:91 ; 39:12). Islam claims to be a universal religion ; and the mission of the Holy Prophet was universal (4:170 ; 7:158 ; 14:1 ; 22:49 ; 34:28).
Difference Between Entering Islam and Unshakable Faith
There is a great difference between embracing Islam and having an unshakable faith (49 : 14) ; and the desert Arabs ere told that their entering Islam was no favour to the Holy Prophet ; on the contrary, Allah had conferred a favour upon them by guiding them to the faith (49 : 17).
No Forcible Conversion ; No Compulsion
Forcible conversion to Islam has been definitely forbidden by Allah :- ''Let there be no compulsion in religion; truth stands out clearly from error ; whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold that never breaks ; and Allah heareth and knoweth all things'' (2 : 256).
The point that Islam is a religion of peace, and the waging of war for converting people is not allowed in Islam, will be dealt with more fully later while explaining the true significance of the term ''Jihad'' ; but we many mention here that the age-old calumny that Islam spread by the sword is now being refuted, not by Muslims, but by enlightened and unbiased non-Muslims, and even by some of the bitterest critics of Islam, who have given their own reasons for the phenomenal spread of Islam. It may be interesting to give a few quotation here :-
Edward Gibbon, in his book ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' Observes : A pernicious tenet has been imputed to the Muhammadans, the duty of extirpating all other religions by the sword. This charge of ignorance and bigotry is refuted by the Koran, By the History of the Musalman conquerors, and by their public and legal toleration of the christian worship'' (op. cit. Vol. 6, page 40).
Will Durant in his ''The age of Faith'' has this to say :- ''Despite or because of this policy of tolerance in early Islam, the new faith won over to itself in time most of the Christians, nearly all the Zoroastrians and pagans, and many of the Jews, of Asia, Egypt and North Africa....From China, Indonesia, and India through Persia, Syria, Arabia, and Egypt to Morocco and Spain, The Muhammadan faith touched the heart and fancies of a hundred of peopled, governed their morals and molded their lives, gave them consoling hopes and strengthening pride..'' (op. cit. page 219).
Another writer, Jean L'heureux in his book: ''Etude sur L'Islamisme'' has observed : ''Islam had the power of peacefully conquering souls by the simplicity of its theology, the clearness of its dogma and principles, and the definite number of the practices which it demands...'' (op. cit. page 35).
Even a critic like H.G. Wells had to admit that : "Islam established in the world a great tradition of dignified fair-dealing and created a society more free from wide-spread cruelty and social oppression than any society had been in the world before". (The Outline of History, page 325).
Arnold Toynbee too has, in his book ''Civilization on Trial" admitted that racial intolerance and antipathy are wholly absent is the Islamic Civilization, whatever the racial stock of its adherents. Some of his actual observation are :- "Islam's creative gift to mankind is monotheism and we surely dare not throw this gift away.....Islam remains, with a mighty spiritual mission still to carry out......in the struggle with each of these evils (race consciousness and alcohol) the Islamic spirit has a service to render which might prove, If it were accepted, to be of high moral and social value. The extinction of race consciousness as between Muslims is one of the outstanding moral achievements of Islam...." (op. cit. see page 87,88, 205-209).
Islam A Complete Code of Life
Islam is not merely a system of faith and worship, rites and ceremonials, but it is a complete code governing every aspect of man's life on this earth ; and that is why a Muslim is asked to enter into Islam whole-heartedly.
Muslims Required to Believe In Previous Apostles and Earlier Scriptures
Islam has the distinction of being the only religion in the world whose followers are required to believe not only in Allah, Who is proclaimed to be the Lord and Cherisher of all the worlds, and in the last of the Prophets , Hazrat Muhammad(PBUH) but also to believe in all the previous apostles and to make no distinction between one and another of Allah's apostles ; and to believe not only in the Holy Qur'an revealed by Allah to the Holy Prophet, but also in all the previous scriptures.
Certain Other Distinctive Features of Islam
Islam is the only religion in which there are no divinely ordained, or formally canonized, priests ; and the Muslim society is not divided into two distinct classes - the clergy and the laity. According to the Holy Qur'an, Allah is nearer to man than his jugular vein (50 : 16) ; He has declared:.... ''I am indeed close (to them); I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when He called on Me..." (2 : 186). Every one has direct access to Allah ; and, there is, therefore, no need for any intermediary.
Then, There is no monasticism in Islam (57 : 27).
Further, there is no colour bar in Islam ; there is no discrimination of any sort based on race, nationality, language, colour of one's skin etc. the only distinction is that of piety and righteousness (49 : 13). All are Equal.
The Holy Book declares : ''The believers are but a single brotherhood..." (49 : 10). Every Muslim is a brother of every other Muslim.
That all these precepts are actually acted upon will be clear from a perusal of what follows.
VIRTUES OF SURAH AL-KAHF !
DESCENDING OF TRANQUILITY
Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Bara' said: "A man recited Al-Kahf and there was an animal in the house which began acting in a nervous manner. He looked, and saw a fog or cloud overhead. He mentioned this to the Prophet, who said:
Keep on reciting so and so, for this is the tranquility which descends when one reads Qur'an or because of reading Qur'an
This was also recorded in the Two Sahihs. The man who recited it was Usayd bin Al-Hudayr
PROTECTION FROM DAJJAL
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Ad-Darda' that the Prophet said: Whoever memorizes ten Ayat from the beginning of Surah Al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal.
This was also recorded by Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i and At-Tirmidhi.
According to the version recorded by At-Tirmidhi, Whoever memorizes three Ayat from the beginning of Al-Kahf. He said, it is "Hasan Sahih.''
ILLUMINATION B/W CONSECUTIVE FRIDAYS
In his Mustadrak, Al-Hakim recorded from Abu Sa`id that the Prophet said: Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next. Then he said:
"This Hadith has a Sahih chain, but they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.''
A LIGHT ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi also recorded it in his Sunan from Al-Hakim, then he narrated with his own chain that the Prophet said:Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf as it was revealed, it will
be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection.
Source : Tafsir Ibn Kathir